Lithuania and Belarus share a centuries-old history, common historical personalities and experience, all of which contribute to the cultural and economic cooperation and the strengthening of human relations between the countries. Geographical proximity and the longest external border of the European Union inevitably led to the fact that Belarus has become one of the most important development cooperation partners.
Lithuania consistently advocates greater engagement of Belarus in the Eastern Partnership program, making full use of its opportunities in all areas of cooperation.
Over the last decade, Lithuania has consistently pursued bilateral initiatives in the development of an open civil society in Belarus with special attention paid to youth, independent media, education and academic exchanges, gender equality issues. Support is provided for the development of cooperation between the regions of Lithuania and Belarus - local authorities, preservation and popularization of the common historical and cultural heritage.
Belarus is one of the key recipients of the Lithuanian aid. Lithuanian development cooperation with Belarus started in 2002. During 2002-2018, Development Cooperation and Democracy Promotion Program supported the implementation of 327 projects for more than 4.07 million EUR. In addition, regional projects in the field of strengthening independent media and democratic processes in the Eastern Partnership countries, including Belarus, are being implemented.
In 2018, Lithuania together with Germany and Poland started implementing EU Twinning project “Strengthening the National Bank of Belarus” involving representatives of the Bank of Lithuania. This is the first Twinning project in Belarus.