Our Partners

The experience of Lithuania as the lead country of the Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT) showed the importance of coordination of activities of different social actors operating in the province such as government representatives, international donors and non-governmental sector. Only consistent work and joint efforts helped us achieve clear progress: living conditions for the locals improved, literacy rate increased, economy grew and other positive changes were taking place in the province. The involvement of government and local communities was the key to successful development of the province.

Lithuania was an active representative of the interests of Ghor Province in the international donor community and continuously tried to attract other donors to Ghor Province and coordinate their activities. To that end, international events were held in Kabul and Vilnius. Lithuania sought to draw attention to one of the poorest provinces in order to promote equal development of all provinces in Afghanistan.

  • On 15 October 2009, representatives of Lithuania and Ghor Province administration presented development priorities and opportunities for Ghor Province.
  • During the seminar Ghor Province Development Prospects which took place in Kabul on 30 June 2010, more than 70 guests discussed the outlook for future development of Ghor Province.
  • In 12 November 2010, Vilnius hosted the international development cooperation conference Road to Successful Transition in Afghanistan.
  • To strengthen cooperation and coordination of operations of international donors, governments of Afghanistan and Ghor Province, Lithuania and the Afghanistan Government  organised the Ghor Province Development Forum in Kabul on 4 April 2012.
  • On 19 September 2012, Vilnius hosted a conference on the impact of regional cooperation on the economic and social development of Afghanistan. This event was Lithuania's contribution to efforts of the international community to ensure support to reforms in Afghanistan before and after 2014 as it showcased the experience of our region and concrete examples how practical cooperation can strengthen trust and stability in the region. The participants of the event were welcomed by Dr. Zalmai Rassoul, Foreign Minister of Afghanistan.

Representatives of Afghanistan central government and Ghor Province, diplomats and experts from the EU and its Member States, India, Indonesia, Japan, United States, United Arab Emirates, China, Norway, Pakistan, Turkey and Middle East, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, United Nations, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, other countries as well as international and non-governmental organisations discussed pressing issues and shared experiences and development cooperation plans during the events organised by Lithuania.

Ghor Province turned out to be a case of exemplary international cooperation. By initiating major projects and making its relatively small financial contribution, Lithuania managed to encourage and mobilise Afghanistan government agencies and other donor countries for the implementation of projects. Lithuania cooperated closely with Japan, United States of America, Greece, European Commission, Afghanistan central and Ghor Province government, international and non-governmental organisations.

In response to the invitation of Lithuania, the Japanese Government sent 4 civil experts to work at the Lithuania-led PRT in Ghor Province in May 2009. This was the first provincial reconstruction team which included civil experts from Japan. These experts raised additional funds from the Japanese Government for education, health, vocational training and infrastructure improvement projects. In 2003–2012, Japan allocated more than USD 50 million to Ghor Province. In June 2013, the Japanese office ended its operations in Chaghcharan for the closure of the PRT camp.

Japan supported and expanded the following projects initiated by Lithuania:

  • In 2010, financed the construction of two vocational training centres (for men and women) within the area of the centre for children;
  • In 2010–2013, allocated funding for additional asphalt works on Chaghcharan streets (11 km);
  • In 2012–2014, financed reconstruction of the provincial hospital of Ghor.

Representatives of the US State Department and other institutions worked at the Lithuanian-led PRT camp in Chaghcharan since 2005. In 2002–2013, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) allocated over USD 55 million for the development of Ghor Province.

Examples of cooperation between Lithuania and the USA:

  • After the signing the trilateral agreement between the Governor of Ghor Province, the United States Agency for International Development and special mission of the Republic of Lithuania in Afghanistan in 2007, a training centre for public servants was founded in Ghor Province: the provincial governor allocated premises for the centre; the USAID financed repairs of the building, installation of classrooms and administrative premises; Lithuania financed training courses for public servants and maintenance of the centre.
  • In 2011, the USAID joined the Chaghcharan street pavement project supported by Lithuania and Japan: the USAID installed the solar street lighting system.
  • In 2011, the new runway of Chaghcharan airport was put into service. The reconstruction of the airport was launched thanks to diplomatic efforts of Lithuania and its feasibility study was financed by Lithuania. The reconstruction of the airport was financed by the Asian Development Bank, Afghanistan Government and USAID.

In 2009, Greece joined the initiative of Lithuania and contributed EUR 0.5 million to the reconstruction of Ghor Hospital. The project was implemented by the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS).

In 2007–2009, Lithuania and the European Commission co-financed a good governance and rule of law project aimed at building the capacity of provincial judicial authorities. The project was implemented by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM).