The experience of Lithuania as the lead country of the Provincial Reconstruction Team (PRT) showed the importance of coordination of activities of different social actors operating in the province such as government representatives, international donors and non-governmental sector. Only consistent work and joint efforts helped us achieve clear progress: living conditions for the locals improved, literacy rate increased, economy grew and other positive changes were taking place in the province. The involvement of government and local communities was the key to successful development of the province.
Lithuania was an active representative of the interests of Ghor Province in the international donor community and continuously tried to attract other donors to Ghor Province and coordinate their activities. To that end, international events were held in Kabul and Vilnius. Lithuania sought to draw attention to one of the poorest provinces in order to promote equal development of all provinces in Afghanistan.
Representatives of Afghanistan central government and Ghor Province, diplomats and experts from the EU and its Member States, India, Indonesia, Japan, United States, United Arab Emirates, China, Norway, Pakistan, Turkey and Middle East, Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, United Nations, North Atlantic Treaty Organization, other countries as well as international and non-governmental organisations discussed pressing issues and shared experiences and development cooperation plans during the events organised by Lithuania.
Ghor Province turned out to be a case of exemplary international cooperation. By initiating major projects and making its relatively small financial contribution, Lithuania managed to encourage and mobilise Afghanistan government agencies and other donor countries for the implementation of projects. Lithuania cooperated closely with Japan, United States of America, Greece, European Commission, Afghanistan central and Ghor Province government, international and non-governmental organisations.
In response to the invitation of Lithuania, the Japanese Government sent 4 civil experts to work at the Lithuania-led PRT in Ghor Province in May 2009. This was the first provincial reconstruction team which included civil experts from Japan. These experts raised additional funds from the Japanese Government for education, health, vocational training and infrastructure improvement projects. In 2003–2012, Japan allocated more than USD 50 million to Ghor Province. In June 2013, the Japanese office ended its operations in Chaghcharan for the closure of the PRT camp.
Japan supported and expanded the following projects initiated by Lithuania:
Representatives of the US State Department and other institutions worked at the Lithuanian-led PRT camp in Chaghcharan since 2005. In 2002–2013, the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) allocated over USD 55 million for the development of Ghor Province.
Examples of cooperation between Lithuania and the USA:
In 2009, Greece joined the initiative of Lithuania and contributed EUR 0.5 million to the reconstruction of Ghor Hospital. The project was implemented by the United Nations Office for Project Services (UNOPS).
In 2007–2009, Lithuania and the European Commission co-financed a good governance and rule of law project aimed at building the capacity of provincial judicial authorities. The project was implemented by the United Nations Office on Drugs and Crime (UNODC) and the International Organization for Migration (IOM).